Post-traumatic stress disorder, better known as PSTD, is a medical term used to refer to the stress disorder that results from the stresses, strains or any other difficult situations e may have experienced in our lives. It is important to note that the word ‘post’ means the disorder follows the occurrence of these stressful situations and it does not matter whether we are successful in overcoming them or not. The condition is considered to be physically and psychologically draining and is believed to occur to 30% of people who have experienced traumatic events. Here is how therapy can help you work through PTSD.
Causes and Symptoms
As already mentioned, this condition results from a traumatizing event and this could include having witnessed a grizzly accident, being held hostage, having been in a warzone and many more. The symptoms manifest in so many ways and the most common symptoms are often sufferers reliving the event in a “deja vu” fashion. This is seen through nightmares and hallucinations, as though the event is actually happening again. There are other symptoms for instance avoiding memories of these events and hyper-vigilance, a situation where the sufferer is exceedingly of and keeps vigilance of potentially traumatic situations.
Therapy as a Treatment Option
The best way to deal with this condition is through therapy and the first form of therapy that is known to be especially successful is Psychotherapy. In Psychotherapy, the therapist will engage the sufferer through talks on the experience with a bid to overcoming it. The treatment sessions include discussing the gory details of the experience and trying to unearth the actual areas that led to the trauma. It is believed that even though some of these memories may not be forgotten, it pays to talk about them.
Aside from psychotherapy, cognitive behavioural therapy may also help deal with PSTD. This therapy is based on the assumption that the way we think has a direct bearing on how we respond to these thoughts. This therapy, therefore, is meant to focus on the positive lessons the PSTD sufferer may derive from the traumatic event, and then harnessing these lessons so that they may have a positive outlook of the entire event. In a nut shell, the therapy aims to shape the behaviours of the sufferer by helping them focus on the positive lessons as opposed to the negative and self-destructive ones. Here is a video from a Yale professor showing how cognitive behavioural therapy works and can help you.
Last but not least, there is the option of hypnotherapy. Though there is little research on the effectiveness of this option as a treatment for PTSD, there are actually numerous occasions where it worked. Hypnotherapy involves revisiting the event and unlocking it so that the sufferer can better understand how to cope with it. It may also involve the actual re-enactment of the event by the therapy in a bid to help the sufferer understand how they would have better responded to the situation.